Homeland Security Act of 2002

“…to establish a coordinated, university-based system to enhance the Nation’s homeland security.”

The Office of University Programs, within the Science & Technology Division of the Department of Homeland
Security will establish the creation of Homeland Security Centers of Excellence (HS-Center).

The Department of Homeland Security is harnessing the nation’s scientific knowledge and technological expertise
to protect America and our way of life from terrorism. The Department’s Science and Technology directorate,
through its Office of University Programs, is furthering this mission by engaging the academic community to
create learning and research environments in areas critical to Homeland Security.  

Through the Homeland Security Centers of Excellence program, Homeland Security is investing in university-based
partnerships to develop centers of multi-disciplinary research where important fields of inquiry can be analyzed
and best practices developed, debated, and shared.  

The Department’s Homeland Security Centers of Excellence (HS-Centers) bring together the nation’s best experts
and focus its most talented researchers on a variety of threats that include agricultural, chemical, biological,
nuclear and radiological, explosive and cyber terrorism as well as the behavioral aspects of terrorism.  
While at MCNY Mick put together this HS-Center application committee in 2003 to address
research issues on security of our transportation system.  Why a Transportation focus?
  • NYC is the transportation center for the nation
  • NYC has largest mass transportation network in the nation
  • The New York-New Jersey Metropolitan Region The New York-New Jersey metropolitan
    region consists of the five New York City boroughs of Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens,
    Richmond (Staten Island), and the Bronx; the four suburban New York counties of Nassau,
    Suffolk, Rockland and Westchester; and the eight northern New Jersey counties of Bergen,
    Essex, Hudson, Middlesex, Morris, Passaic, Somerset, and Union.
  • NYC is the “Crossroads of the World”
  • There are 468 subway stations along 230 miles of route, and train service is provided at
    each station twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week

On any given weekday of the year, more than 4.6 million passengers (a number greater than
the entire population of Los Angeles) use the New York City subway system, while 2.5 million
riders use NYC Transit busses every day.
One third of all recent terrorist attacks worldwide have focused on air,
rail and surface transportation.
- U.S. General Accounting Office 2002

  • In 1991, transportation systems were the target of 20% of all violent attacks.
  • This rose to almost 40% in 1998.
  • Two-thirds of attacks were intended to kill, with 37% involving fatalities.
  • Of these incidents, about three-fourths involved more than 1 fatality and 23%
    involved 10 or more fatalities.
  • 46% of terrorist attacks against public surface transportation systems were
    carried out on subways and trains, subway and train stations, and rail.
  • The use of bombs was overwhelmingly the most common tactic (60% of all
  • GAO estimates that close to 200 such attacks on trains and rail facilities have
    been mounted worldwide between 1997 and 2000.
  • GAO has estimated that 41% of terrorist attacks on public surface transportation
    were directed toward passenger buses between 1997 and 2000.
Application Partnership: for a proposed, but not funded,
Center of Excellence on Incident Response Technologies and Operations

  • MCNY Institute for Homeland Preparedness and Disaster Management of the School for Public
    Affairs and Administration
  • The City College/USDOT University Transportation Research Center (UTRC)
  • Metropolitan Transportation Authority State of New York (MTA) Interagency Counter
    Terrorism Task Force, Police Department (NYC Transit, Long Island Railroad, Long Island Bus,
    Metro-North Railroad, Bridges & Tunnels)
  • NYPD Office of Counter Terrorism
  • NYC Office of Emergency Management
  • Institute for Community Living, Inc.
  • University of Colorado at Colorado Springs Network Information and Space Security Center
    (NISSC) and CU-Trauma Studies & Resource Center of The Department of Psychology
  • The Rutgers University of New Jersey/USDOT National Transit Institute (NTI) of the Edward
    J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy
  • Tel Aviv University, Department of Public Policy, School of Government and Policy of The
    Gershon H. Gordon Faculty of Social Sciences
  • New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Emergency Management
  • SUNY Maritime College New York Strategic Center for Port and Maritime Security
  • Parsons Brinckerhoff Ltd PB Telecommunications, Inc.
  • Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc. (ESRI)
  • Disaster Resource Network an initiative of the World Economic Forum
  • Humphrey Crookendale, J.D., Dean
  • Michael T. “Mick” Maurer, D.Min., M.H.A., Associate Professor, Director of
    Research, Institute for Homeland Preparedness & Disaster Management
Principal Investigator for Priority 1-2-3
Director for the Application
  • Louis Tietje, Ph.D., Associate Professor,
Associate Investigator
  • Oren Levin-Waldman, Ph.D., Professor,
Lead Co-Principal Investigator  Priority 3
  • Jasmina Spasojevic, Ph.D., Assistant Professor
  • Scott Phelps, JD, MPH, paramedic, Assistant Professor
Associate Investigator
  • Philip M. Nufrio, Ph.D., Associate Professor
Priority 1
Priority 2
Priority 3
  • Joseph Berechman, Ph.D., Professor of Transportation Economics & Planning, Tel Aviv University; Senior
    Research Associate – Region 2, University Transportation Research Center, City College of New York
                   Co-Principal Investigator Priority 1
  • Sam Yahalom, Ph.D., Professor of Economics, Director of Research, New York Strategic
    Center for Port and Maritime Security, Maritime College State University of New York
Co-Principal Investigator Priority 1
  • Anthony Palmiotti, Director of Continuing Education, SUNY Maritime College
Associate Investigator
  • Chuck Kozub, Assistant Director,Workplace Safety National Transit
Co-Principal Investigator Priority 2
  • Paul Larrouse, M.S.,  Director, National Transit Institute
Associate Investigator
  • William Ayen, Ph.D., Director, Network Information and Space Security
    Center (NISSC) and Research Professor
Lead Co-Principal Investigator Priority 2
  • Vernon “Dale” Jones, Ph.D., Director of Research, Network Information
    and Space Security Center (NISSC)
Associate Investigator
  • Charles C. Benight, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Psychology,
    Associate Professor of Psychology; Director of the CU-Trauma
    Studies & Resource Center; Director of Clinical Training,
    Department of Psychology
Co-Principal Investigator Priority 3
Research Partners Team:

  • Ernest J. Pucillo, Co-Investigator , Inspector, Commanding Officer, Interagency Counter Terrorism Task
    Force, Police Department MTA, Priority 1 & 2
  • Elizabeth Cleek, Psy.D., Co-Investigator, Director of Program Design and Evaluation, ICL, Inc., Priority 3
  • Joseph Finn, Co-Investigator, Captain, Commanding Officer, Office of Counter Terrorism, NYPD, Priority 1 &
  • David Longshore, Co-Investigator , Director of Special Programs, New York City Office of Emergency
    Management, Priority 1-2-3
  • George Contreras, MPH, MS,  Co-Investigator , Bureau of  Emergency Management, New York City
    Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Priority 1-2-3
  • John S. Chow, AICP, Co-Investigator, Co-Director, Office of Professional Practice, Parsons Brinckerhoff Ltd
    PB Telecommunications, Inc., Priority 1-2
  • Chris Schielein, Co-Investigator, Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc. (ESRI), Priority 1-2
  • Robert E. Bellhouse, Co-Investigator , Executive Director, Disaster Resource Network an initiative of the
    World Economic Forum, Priority 1-2


  • Alexander McMeeking, M.D. – NYU Medical Center (infectious disease), Priority 1-2-3
  • David Duff, M.P.A. – Manager, Emergency Preparedness NYU School of Medicine, Priority 1-2
  • John A. Gibbs, Ph.D. – Professor, Chemistry; Chair, Department of Physical, Environmental &
    Computer Sciences; Program Coordinator, B.S. Degree Program in Environmental Science;
    Medgar Evers College, City University of New York (CUNY), Priority 2
Areas of Research:
  • Economic Modeling on the Impact and Consequences of Terrorism (named 25 November 2003) The first HS-
    Center at USC, known as the Homeland Security Center for Risk and Economic Analysis of Terrorism
  • Agroterrorism Countermeasures (named 28 April 2004) Two HS-Centers: at Texas A&M - Center for Foreign
    Animal & Zoonotic Disease Defense, and at U of Minn. - Center for Post-Harvest Food Protection and
  • Behavioral Research on Terrorism and Countermeasures (named January 2005) - at the University of
    Maryland - Center of Excellence for Behavioral and Social Research on Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism
  • Technology Transfer (named December 2005) at Johns Hopkins - Center for the Study of High
    Consequence Event Preparedness and Response.
  • Research and Development on Security Technology (named October 2005) at Michigan State - Center for
    Advancing Microbial Risk Assessment (CAMRA)
Homeland Security Research
  • Robert E. Paaswell, Ph.D.,  Director and Distinguished Professor of Civil Engineering,
    Region 2 University Transportation Research Center, The City College of New York        
Lead Co-Principal Investigator Priority 1,
Co-Director for Application
  • Robert F. Baker, M.S., Assistant Director, Research & Technology Transfer for the
    University Transportation Research Center Region 2, City College of New York
Associate Investigator